Exploring Farmer Breeding Techniques Darwin
The creation of the theory of evolution was due to scientific and socio-economic prerequisites, as well as the scientific activities of its author – the Englishman Charles Darwin.
Scientific and socio-economic background
England in the first half of the 19th century was a country of developed industry, agriculture and the largest colonial power. The urban population was growing in the country, agriculture was undergoing intensive reorganization: land concentration in the hands of large farmers increased, crop rotation was introduced, fertilizers were widely used and machines were used for tillage and plant care.
The developing industry, the conquest of new colonies and brisk trade with many countries of the world demanded more raw materials and food for the population from agriculture, and in this connection the development of methods of intensive crop production and animal husbandry was stimulated. An intensive restructuring of agriculture was carried out: the concentration of land in the hands of large farmers increased, crop rotation was introduced, fertilizers were used more widely and machines were used for tillage and caring for plants.
However, the existing plant varieties, like animal breeds, could not satisfy growing needs, and therefore selection was rapidly developed – the science of breeding new and improving existing plant varieties and animal breeds. The main breeding method at that time was the selection and preservation for breeding of the best plant varieties or animal breeds.