Basic Selection Methods Briefly

Basic Selection Methods Briefly

animal breeding methods

M .: Drofa, 2005 .– 367 p.

The proposed textbook is part of a line of biology textbooks for high school (grades 5-11), created on the basis of the original program under the direction of V.V. Pasechnik.

This line of textbooks is built on the concentric principle. The textbook for grades 10-11 is devoted to the problems of general biology, which are covered in it more deeply and in detail than in the textbook of grade 9, where students first met with them, taking into account the latest achievements in various fields of biological science.

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Contents Introduction § 1. A brief history of the development of biology 3§ 2. Research methods in biology 9§ 3. The essence of life and properties of living 13§ 4. Levels of organization of living matter 16 Summary of introductory chapter 20 Chapter 1. Fundamentals of cytology § 5. Methods of cytology. The cellular theory 22§ 6. Features of the chemical composition of the cell 26§ 7. Water and its role in the life of the cell 29§ 8. Minerals and their role in the cell 32§ 9. Carbohydrates and their role in the life of the cell 34§ 10. Lipids and their role in the life of a cell 37 § 11. Structure and functions of proteins 40 § 12. Nucleic acids and their role in the life of a cell 48§ 13. ATP and other organic compounds of a cell 53§ 14. Cell structure. Cell membrane. The nucleus 55 § 15. The structure of the cell. Cytoplasm. Cell center. Ribosomes 61 § 16. The structure of the cell. Endoplasmic reticulum. Golgi complex. Lysosomes. Cell inclusions 64 § 17. The structure of the cell. Mitochondria. Plastids. Organoids of movement 68 § 18. Similarities and differences in the structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells 71 § 19. Similarities and differences in the structure of cells of plants, animals and fungi 75 § 20. Non-cellular life forms. Viruses and bacteriophages 78§ 21. Metabolism and energy in the cell 81§ 22. Energy metabolism in the cell 84§ 23. Cell nutrition 87§ 24. Autotrophic nutrition. Photosynthesis 89§ 25. Autotrophic nutrition. Chemosynthesis 94 § 26. Genetic code. Transcription. Cell Protein Synthesis 95

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