Nii Crop and Breeding
Novosibirsk, 07:50 – REGNUM Last year, employees of the Siberian Research Institute of Plant Growing and Breeding bred a new variety of mid-ripe spring soft wheat “Novosibirsk 61”, according to “Science in Siberia.” A whole group of breeders worked on its creation for about ten years. It takes so much time to create a variety using traditional methods.
According to Ivan Lichenko, deputy director for research at the Institute for Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the main advantages of the variety are high yield, good grain quality and increased resistance to cereal diseases common in the region – powdery mildew, brown rust and others.
“The latter is perhaps the most important, since, at present, this is typical for very few varieties,” Lichenko emphasizes.
According to breeders, the results are especially valuable due to the fact that the cultivars were tested last year under very difficult weather conditions. But, the Novosibirsk 61 wheat, even in dry weather, gave a good crop (about 3.5 tons per hectare). These qualities will allow her to successfully compete with the varieties of Omsk breeders, which today are popular in many regions of Siberia just because of resistance to drought. At the same time, the Novosibirsk 61 wheat grain has a higher gluten content, which significantly increases its market value.
Wheat “Novosibirsk 61” has already been transferred to the state variety testing, which will last at least two years. This independent verification of new varieties is carried out at variety plots throughout the country for their correct regionalization.
Siberian breeders are hoping for a positive result, since the Novosibirsk 61 wheat has already shown itself well in the extreme conditions of 2016, and, in their opinion, is quite suitable for the natural conditions of Siberian regions. And the high quality of the grain, coupled with resistance to disease and dry weather, will make the variety attractive to the producer.
It is worth noting that the breeders of the Siberian Research Institute of Plant Growing and Breeding transferred to the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements only five new varieties of crops. In addition to “Novosibirsk 61”, on this list there is another kind of wheat “Tyumenochka”, peas “Siberian 1”, shallots “Krasnoobsky” and spring vetch “Obskaya 16”.