Modern Selection Methods Briefly
Eugenics (from the Greek word Eugenes – thoroughbred, noble) – a doctrine calling to deal with the phenomena of degeneration in the gene pool of Mankind using selection in relation to people. The very first ideas about eugenics were first presented to the public in 1865 by the English psychologist F. Galton in the article “Hereditary Talent and Character”, in which he proposed studying phenomena that could improve mental abilities, physical health, and giftedness of future generations. The term “eugenics” was introduced by him much later – in 1883, F. Galton himself defined eugenics as a science that studies factors that improve the innate qualities of races.
Science and Swastika
Positive and negative eugenics
Distinguish between the so-called “positive eugenics” and “negative eugenics.” However, the line between them is very arbitrary.
In positive eugenics, the issue of promoting the reproduction of people with a genetic code that is not contaminated with hereditary diseases, as well as people with high intelligence, is of paramount importance.
In negative eugenics, more attention is paid to stopping the reproduction of physically or mentally disabled people, as well as people who have dangerous inherited diseases.
Negative eugenics has gained widespread acceptance: in many countries of the world the “scientifically sound” sterilization of people declared objectionable in a particular society quickly gained popularity.
For example, in Germany, these were Jews and Gypsies who were declared inferior, representatives of other political parties that threatened the political system, mentally ill people, and homosexuals — sex perverts and communists were sterilized and castrated in the United States , similar methods were used in Norway, Sweden, Switzerland , Finland and Estonia.
The history of the eugenic movement in Russia
Dawn, sunset and the rebirth of eugenics
Eugenics experienced its dawn at the beginning of the 20th century, but after the Second World War they began to put this teaching on a par with such concepts as: “fascism”, “death camps”, “cruel medical experiments”, “mass destruction of people”, “crime against Humanity. ” Because of this, this teaching fell under a peculiar social taboo for several decades.
In the modern world (the population of which at the moment is roughly estimated to be the number of people who lived at all times before the 21st century), the study of eugenics is gaining new popularity, since the problem of hereditary diseases acquires an impressive scale with the growth of the population: the percentage of genetically healthy people is critically reduced.