Achievements of the Belarusian Breeding
Belarusian vegetables and fruits are loved not only in our country, but also in neighboring countries. And this is not surprising! The quality and taste of domestic tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, zucchini, beets, carrots, apples, pears are not inferior to foreign analogues, and sometimes even surpass them. In many ways, this success was made possible thanks to the achievements of our scientists in the field of agriculture. For example, employees of the Vegetable Institute are constantly working on the creation of new highly productive varieties and hybrids of vegetable crops.
If 20 years ago only a few types of vegetables were grown in our country, today the assortment has expanded significantly. For example, Brussels sprouts and Beijing cabbage, rare for our latitudes, leeks are no longer exotic for Belarusians. Farmers willingly use the seeds of Belarusian breeders and get a good crop of crops that were previously considered overseas.
Despite the winter frosts in the greenhouses of the Vegetable Institute, you can see a real “cabbage paradise.” Our scientists have created more than ten hybrid varieties, each of which is unique in its own way.
And in these laboratories, real “scientific magic” is happening. Here, employees of the Institute for Fruit Growing are engaged in breeding fruit, berry and nut crops. Just imagine, experts “forced” raspberries to bear fruit almost all year round. For these purposes, even built an experimental greenhouse. Soon, “farmers of European class” will be able to grow our farmers.
“Alesia”, “Belarusian Sweet”, “Imant” … Such names of apple varieties are well known to many gardeners. By the way, about 80% of the varieties of these sweet and sour fruits grown in the republic were bred by Belarusian specialists.
Over the past five years alone, our scientists have created 25 varieties of fruit crops, more than two dozen varieties and hybrids of vegetables. But experts are not going to stop there. We hope that in the near future we are waiting for new developments in the field of fruit growing and vegetable growing.